Few infractions yet gaps in reporting, inspection, and limits cause concern
Brussels. April 15, 2016. The European Commission today released a long-anticipated report on EU Member
States' 2014 implementation of the EU ban on shark finning (slicing off a shark's fins and discarding the body at
sea) which finds few infringements and reaffirms the EU commitment to the most reliable means for finning ban
enforcement: requiring that sharks be landed with fins still naturally attached. Such a rule greatly eases
enforcement and facilitates collection of key species-specific catch data.
"We applaud the European Commission for underscoring its intention to maintain a strong finning ban for the
EU, and also continue to promote the 'fins-naturally-attached' best practice approach on a global scale," said
Ania Budziak, Associate Director for Project AWARE. "We are pleased that support for enforceable rules voiced
by conservation organizations and members of the concerned public was able to counter industry efforts to
weaken the ban."
EU Member States are required to submit annual reports on their implementation of the finning regulation that
include shark landings, inspections, and violations detected. Related compliance issues as well as the lack of
EU catch limits for heavily fished shark species are cause for concern. Specifically:
- France and Portugal, which ranked 2nd and 3rd among EU countries for 2013 volume of shark landings,
failed to report for the 2014 period;
- Spain, the top EU country for pelagic shark take, is among the least likely in EU to inspect catches (only
0.4 times out of 100 in 2014), and yet this low inspection rate detected a finning regulation infraction;
- There are still no limits for the species that dominate EU shark landings (blue sharks, makos,
"We are deeply concerned that the major shark fishing countries of France and Portugal have failed to report on
this fundamental shark fishing regulation," said Ali Hood, Director of Conservation for the Shark Trust.
"Moreover, this report underscores the urgent need for additional shark safeguards, particularly catch limits for
heavily fished blue and mako sharks."
Scientists have recommended capping catches of Atlantic shortfin mako and blue sharks, which range across
the ocean and are fished by vessels from many nations. While the EU has not yet adopted this advice for its
vessels, it has proposed such limits, often jointly with the United States, through the International Commission
for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT). The EU has also joined forces with the US in efforts to secure
international fins-attached requirements through ICCAT and most other relevant regional fisheries bodies.
"The combined efforts of the EU and US to champion effective shark conservation measures around the world
are vital to securing a brighter future for these vulnerable and often highly migratory species," said Sonja
Fordham, President of Shark Advocates International. "We urge the EU to follow its model finning ban with
domestic shark catch limits, and we look forward to working with the Commission and like-minded governments
to continue the momentum toward stronger international measures to prevent shark overfishing and finning."
Media contacts: Hannah Tarrant (UK): +44 7855 386083; Liz Morley (US): +1 843.693.5044.
Notes to Editors:
The European Commission's press release about the shark finning report (which includes a link to the full report is available
For more on the Shark Trust's campaign to end unlimited EU shark fisheries, see: www.nolimitsnofuture.org
The Shark Trust is a UK charity working to advance the worldwide conservation of sharks through science, education,
influence and action. www.sharktrust.org
Project AWARE Foundation is a growing movement of scuba divers protecting the ocean planet - one dive at a time.
Shark Advocates International, a project of The Ocean Foundation, works to safeguard sharks and rays through sciencebased
Shark Advocates International (SAI) is a project of The Ocean Foundation established to provide leadership in advancing sound policies for sharks and rays. Based on nearly 20 years of shark conservation achievement, SAI works to secure science-based limits on shark fishing and trade, protection for endangered species, and stronger bans on shark finning.